Simulation of human brain getting closer…
On the other hand, though, if the scientists ever crack this mystery wide open (perhaps by giving up on computers with nothing but 0s and 1s to deal with and creating new machines that function more like a brain) then we’ll get our translating machine.
Well, IBM has created a cell-by-cell simulation of the human visual cortex. At 1.6 billion neurons, this is a huge leap from their simulation of a portion of a mouse cortex in 2006, and an entire rat cortex in 2007 (55 million neurons), so they seem to be making pretty rapid progress.
The main question seems to be whether Moore's Law will keep going until they get up to a complete human brain.